Over the last few decades, governments have privatized many of their
functions. One function that governments have begun privatizing in
recent years is lobbying higher-level governments. Since every government is at a higher level than a local
government (think not
just regional, state, and federal, but numerous agencies at each of
these levels), local government has the most lobbying to do.
Most local government lobbyists are in-house (or officials do the
lobbying themselves), but many are professional lobbyists or former
officials with the connections local governments are looking to
employ (and time on their hands, since they are out of office).
Contracting with a professional lobbyist may be a good choice for a
local government that can't afford to hire one full-time, but there
may be problems when the same individual, or members of the
individual's firm, lobby the local government: the
contracted lobbyist is wearing two hats when he talks with a high-level local offiical.