When city and county contractors and their lobbyists don't follow
the rules, it's difficult to catch them, because few cities have an
oversight office that investigates on its own initiative. Without
such a program, communities depend on federal and state criminal enforcers who focus on bribery and kickbacks.
It is the FBI and a federal grand jury that did the job in Dallas County which, unlike the city of
Dallas, has no ethics program, just an aspirational code. In fact,
it has two...