They have various names, such as councils of governments (COGs),
joint powers authorities (JPAs), and regional councils or commissions, but whatever names they have, these
local government associations are often left outside of both
local and state government ethics programs. And yet, as the term
"joint powers authorities" implies, they do wield power and do spend
or affect the spending of money, often huge amounts of money in transportation, water, and other construction projects.