making local government more ethical
I left out one big local ethics/election story from my blog post yesterday:  the approval of an excellent ethics reform initiative in Oakland, with an approval percentage of 72%, according to the KQED News website.

For a description of the referendum, read my July blog post.

Two big local ethics/election stories come from Contra Costa, CA and Tallahassee, FL.

Ethics Reform Package Features a Different Sort of Public Campaign Financing Program
According to an article this morning on the Tallahassee Democrat website, by a 2-1 margin Tallahassee voters approved a charter amendment that will (1) create a seven-member ethics board with the power to investigate ethics complaints and levy civil penalties, (2) lower the campaign contribution limit from $1,000 to $250, and (3) institute one of the few local public campaign financing programs. (I was consulted about the amendment, and made recommendations for improving it.)

This was a project that was helped by Represent.US and supported by citizen groups from right to left.

I worked on the drafting of the referendum language.

Here is today's press release from Represent.US:

An essay of mine has appeared in the new issue of the journal Public Integrity, a special issue entitled "Changing of the Guard: The 75th American Society for Public Administration Anniversary Symposium: Visions and Voices of Ethics in the Profession" (Fall 2014, Vol. 16, No. 4). Since the journal is published commercially, I am not permitted to share my essay with you. So I will do the next best thing:  review it and expand on what I wrote (without all the details and the academy-speak I was required to employ).

The title of the essay is "Missing Out: The Consequences of Academic Noninvolvement in the Reform of Government Conflicts of Interest Programs." The abstract is as follows:
When it comes to the reform of government conflicts of interest programs in the United States, everyone has been missing out due to the noninvolvement of academics. This paper seeks to explain the reasons for this noninvolvement, to consider the consequences, and to suggest what can be done.
This week, California governor Jerry Brown had to go back fifty years to find someone who agreed with his view of government ethics reform. According to an article in the San Diego Mercury-News, in vetoing ethics reforms that "sought to limit the types of gifts politicians can accept and force lawmakers to disclose the names of groups that bankroll their travel junkets," Brown "referred lawmakers to an article written by one of his former law professors [Bayless Manning] that was published by the Federal Bar Journal in 1964: "The Purity Potlatch: An Essay on Conflicts of Interest, American Government and Moral Escalation." According to the article, the essay "argued that there was no evidence that new ethics rules imposed at the time were having any effect on public officials' conduct."

According to an article Sunday on the Voice of OC website, the Orange County, CA legislative body has drafted a response to the second grand jury report in a year, which recommended the creation of a county ethics program "to monitor and enforce campaign finance and reporting and lobbyist reporting laws as well as other ethics laws and policies." The county board of supervisors wants to turn campaign finance enforcement over to the state ethics commission, and leave it at that.

The board's draft response asserts, “The effectiveness of the ‘ethics bodies’ is a matter of opinion and difficult to determine. The Grand Jury’s report did not provide any metrics or analysis to explain how ‘effectiveness’ of an ethics body is defined nor did they provide any evidence or examples of said effectiveness.”

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